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Study: Influence of sleep disorders on behavior [...] autism

Posted: Mon Jul 27, 2015 10:56 am
by Winnie
Front Hum Neurosci. 2015 Jun 18;9:347. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00347. eCollection 2015.

Influence of sleep disorders on the behavior of individuals with autism spectrum disorder.

Fadini CC1, Lamônica DA2, Fett-Conte AC3, Osório E1, Zuculo GM1, Giacheti CM1, Pinato L1.


The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between sleep disorders and the behavior of subjects with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and control subjects using specific questionnaires. A small percentage (1.8%) of the control subjects had symptoms indicative of sleep-breathing disorders (SBD) and nocturnal sweating. Fifty-nine percent of the subjects with ASD had symptoms indicative of at least one sleep disorder, with SBD the most commonly reported (38%). In the control group, the symptoms of SBD were correlated with social, thought, attentional, aggression, externalizing and behavioral problems. In the ASD group, disorders of arousal (DA) were correlated with thinking problems, and disorders of excessive somnolence were correlated with thinking and behavioral problems. These results suggest that children and adolescents with ASD have a high frequency of sleep disorders, which in turn correlate with some of the behavioral traits that they already exhibit. Furthermore, sleep disturbances, when present in the typically developing children, also correlated with behavioral problems.

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